Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) was an American inventor, scientist, and businessman who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Dubbed "The Wizard of Menlo Park" (now Edison, New Jersey) by a newspaper reporter, he was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory.
Edison is considered one of the most prolific inventors in history, holding 1,093 US patents in his name, as well as many patents in the United Kingdom, France, and Germany. He is credited with numerous inventions that contributed to mass communication and, in particular, telecommunications. These included a stock ticker, a mechanical vote recorder, a battery for an electric car, electrical power, recorded music and motion pictures. His advanced work in these fields was an outgrowth of his early career as a telegraph operator.
Edison originated the concept and implementation of electric-power generation and distribution to homes, businesses, and factories – a crucial development in the modern industrialized world. His first power station was on Manhattan Island, New York.
In his childhood in the United States, Edison always get a bad grade in school. Therefore, his mother taught him from school and at home. At home with small Edison freely to read scientific books mature and begin to conduct various scientific experiments alone. At the age of 12 he began working as a newspaper seller, fruit and sweets on the train. Then he became a telegraph operator, he moved from one city to another. In New York he was asked to become head of the telegraph machine that matters. The machines that send business news to all the leading companies in New York.
In 1870 he found a better telegraph machine. The machines can print the messages on a long paper tape. The money generated from its discovery was enough to establish his own company. In 1874 he moved to Menlo Park, New Jersey. There he made a major scientific workshop and the first in the world. After that he did a lot of important discoveries. In 1877 he discovered gramophone. In 1879 he managed to find the electric light then he also found the projector for small films. In 1882 he installed electric lights in the streets and houses as far as one kilometer in the city of New York. This is the first time in the world of electric lights in use on the streets. In 1890, he founded the General Electric company.
Edison is seen as one of the most prolific creators of his time, holding a record 1,093 patents in his name. He also helps a lot in the field of defense the United States government. Some of his research include: detection of the aircraft, destroying the periscope with machine guns, submarine detection, stop the torpedo with nets, increased the strength in torpedo, ship camouflage, and many more.
He died at the age of 84, on the anniversary of his discovery of the famous, modern light bulbs.
Source : Wikipedia.Org